Hydrates are substances that include water in their formula the water is not actually part of the chemical substance and this is reflected in the way the formula is written. In handbook of petroleum exploration and production, 2000 hydrate formation hydrates are formed when water and light end natural gases come into contact at certain temperature and pressure conditions. 2 to supply water to (a person, for example) in order to restore or maintain fluid balance: cold water is the fastest and safest way to hydrate an ordinary athlete (jane e brody. Gas hydrates supply and demand natural gas now represents more than 20% of the world's primary energy consumption, yet exploration for unconventional gas hydrates is today where exploration for conventional petroleum reservoirs was 100 years ago.
(chemistry) a solid compound containing or linked to water molecules (inorganic chemistry, rare) water (transitive) to take up, consume or become linked to. Hydrate definition, any of a class of compounds containing chemically combined water in the case of some hydrates, as washing soda, na2co3⋅10h2o, the water is loosely held and is easily lost on heating in others, as sulfuric acid, so3⋅h2o, or h2so4, it is strongly held as water of constitution. Hydrate (hī`drāt), chemical compound that contains water a common hydrate is the familiar blue vitriol, a crystalline form of cupric sulfate cupric sulfate or copper (ii) sulfa. Hydrate, any compound containing water in the form of h 2 o molecules, usually, but not always, with a definite content of water by weightthe best-known hydrates are crystalline solids that lose their fundamental structures upon removal of the bound water.
A compound formed by the chemical combination of water and some other substance in a definite molecular ratio: plaster of paris, 2casoho, is a hydrate to become or cause to. Clathrate hydrates, or gas clathrates, gas hydrates, clathrates, hydrates, etc, are crystalline water-based solids physically resembling ice, in which small non-polar molecules (typically gases) or polar molecules with large hydrophobic moieties are trapped inside cages of hydrogen bonded, frozen water molecules. Learn the definition of a hydrate and an anhydrate in this lesson discover how, when given experimental data, you can determine the formula of a.
Hydrates are a possibility in oil/gas exploration, production, transportation, or processing, which involves water and molecules smaller than n-pentane. Gas hydrates are compounds where methane (ch4) molecules are trapped within the crystal lattice structure of ice they occur in permafrost, on submarine continental slopes and in deep ocean floor sediment.
Research themes gas hydrates project overview project personnel lead and participate in major field programs, conduct laboratory analyses, build numerical models, process logging and seismic data sets, and maintain databases to advance understanding of natural gas hydrate systems. Natural-gas hydrates are ice-like solids that form when free water and natural gas combine at high pressure and low temperature this can occur in gas and gas/condensate wells, as well as in oil wells. Hydrates, ie crystal forms containing water as integral part of the crystal lattice, are frequent and well recognised of the total of 596 810 crystal structures filed in the cambridge structural database (as of may 2012), 88 470 structures, ie 15%, contain water, more than any other solvent.
Key points hydrates are named by the ionic compound followed by a numerical prefix and the suffix -hydrate the nh 2 o notation indicates that n (described by a greek prefix) number of loosely bonded water molecules are associated per formula unit of the salt. Methane hydrate is a cage-like lattice of ice inside of which are trapped molecules of methane, the chief constituent of natural gas if methane hydrate is either warmed or depressurized, it will revert back to water and natural gas. Video explanation on the properties and structure of hydrates hydrates are solid compounds which contain water and very important parts of chemistry. Observations of gas hydrates if chlorine gas is passed into a dilute solution of cacl 2 at about 0 °c, greenish, feathery crystals appear that can be removed from the solution, dried, and kept indefinitely at room temperature.
Gas hydrates are a crystalline solid formed of water and gas it looks and acts much like ice, but it contains huge amounts of methane it is known to occur on every continent and it exists in huge quantities in marine sediments in a layer several hundred meters thick directly below the sea floor. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'hydrate' views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of merriam-webster or its editors. An aggregation of methane ice worms inhabiting a white methane hydrate seen in the gulf of mexico, 2102studies suggest that these worms eat chemoautotrophic bacteria that are living off of chemicals in the hydrate.